We have consolidated some information here, based on what we do with our horses, for your convenience.

  1. FEED:  C2R uses ADM Nutrition.  Specifically, Stay Strong Mineral Pellets (the base minerals for our feeding program) and Healthy Glo Nuggest (rice bran) to add shine and make strong hooves.  We give a pound of the Stay Strong and half a pound of the Healthy Glo for the morning and night feeding – always feed the minerals as stated and adjust the Healthy Glo to improve or decrease weight.  You can purchase both products from Napoleon Feed Mill, and visit ADM’s website at
  2. SUPPLEMENTS:  C2R believes in using natural supplements when the need arises.  Spirulina is a blue green algae powder and is good for many things in the horse, including allergies and overall health. It also helps to steady a horses’ attitude over time, so we use it on our training horses as well, with great success! We use 2 teaspoons of this powder morning and night for each horse.  You can purchase in 1 lb or 5 lbs from Chastetree Berry Powder is a wonderful herb that is good for horses that have Cushings, or to help regulate insulin which in turn helps horses that have laminitis or other feet issues. Use this herb on mares as it helps regulate hormones, and use it on geldings to help regulate insulin rushes and moodiness!  You can purchase this at  Read about CHASTE TREE BERRY & Spirulina.
  3. FLYSPRAY:  C2R uses Toadmist flyspray, an all-natural essential oils based spray that actually works, on you, your dogs, and your horses!  It repels even those pesky deer flies, big bomber horse flies, and ticks!  Spray your horse once in the morning and once at dusk, and they are protected!  They also make Toadjuice, which is an essential oil based spray for skin fungus such as rain rot and other skin issues- keep a gallon of it handy all through the year.  Shelf live is about 2 years on all of these so stock up!  We get ours through Napoleon Feed Mill,, Phone: 517-536-8311, 120 Depot Court, Napoleon, MI 49201, Email:, ​Mailing: PO Box 327 Napoleon, MI 49261
  4. WORMING:  OK, this is a controversial issue and everyone has different opinions. When we used to raise babies, it was important to understand the life cycle of Parasites– they start in your horses’ mouth and travel through their digestive system making pin holes in arteries, sores in the stomach where they attach, and leaving scars in their wake when they die. It doesn’t make sense to let parasites run their course like a virus or bacteria due to the damage parasites cause.  Our preference is to use a daily FeedthruWormer (Strongid C2X) which kills the larvae stage – meaning it kills the babies before they have time to do damage, and then we follow up in the spring and the fall with a paste wormer (Equimax) that kills any adult worms that may have made it through, including tape worms.  We do fecals on our horses regularly and we have not had any resistance issues. We purchase the feed thru wormer from Napoleon Michigan feed mill, and  Equimax from
  5. DENTISTRY:  C2R holds dentistry as the one most important issue in training horses.  Taking care of your horses’ teeth before you put a bit (or bosal) in its mouth keeps the horse from having training and health issues later on it its life.  Our motto is that horses CANNOT learn while they are experiencing pain.  We have had horses come in for training with cracked and abscessed baby molars, wolf teeth, sharp points and sores from sharp points, pressure issues that can cause headaches and eating problems, and the list goes on.  Domestic horses REQUIRE regular dental checks – someone that can open a horses’ mouth and look and feel inside, and not be too aggressive in their approach.  Horses’ teeth only grow so much in their lifetime, and with old age, fall out.  A good equine dentist knows how to keep your horses’ mouth healthy and happy.  We believe in power tools, and C2R uses Katrina Johnson, equine dentist and vet tech at Oakdale Vet Clinic, and wouldn’t let anyone else do our horses’ teeth.  Call her at   517 – 877 – 0498 for an appt at least once per year.
  6. VACCINATIONS: C2R understands that everyone has a different opinion on vaccinating their horses.  With the work that we do, and as many horses as we see, we choose to fully vaccinate our horses and we ask that you vaccinate your horses before bringing them to our farm for the following:  Annually – Eastern and Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE), Tetanus, Rabies, Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis, Potomac Horse Fever, West Nile Virus. Boosters – you should give your horse a booster for the Flu/Rhino every 6 months thereafter if you are taking them in and out of strange horses (shows, organized trail rides, training, etc).  Also, Strangles is highly contagious and should be considered when doing vaccinations – talk to your vet about these and your plans for your horse to determine the best vaccination program.  You CAN vaccinate your own horses yourself, however, it is not always the best choice – it is hard to determine if the vaccines have been at the proper temperature and you cannot go back on the manufacturer if something goes wrong with your horse.  We choose to take ours to our local vet (Oakdale below) during their spring clinic to get vaccinations and the cost is relative for proper protection.  Read more about Michigan Equine Vaccinations.
  7. BITS:  Unless you and your horse are already experienced and understand how to progress and use a curb or other types of bits, C2R recommends a most gentle full cheek, french link snaffle.  It sends clear signals to the horse and helps teach the horse how to use the bit.  Some bits like this can pinch if not made correctly – the particular bit that we like is only found online at      .  We have had great success with using custom rawhide bosals- again with our theory that horses CANNOT learn while in pain, a bit on a confused young horse can be very dangerous.  Consider using a bosal for the first 5-8 years of training a young horse.
  8. VET:  There are a lot of vets out there and you have to use one that is close and comfortable for you.  We take our horses to Oakdale Veterinary Clinic, 7117 M99, Homer, Michigan  517 – 629 – 3533.  Website is  Also, for emergencies and larger issues, Michigan State University Large Animal clinic in Lansing can be reached at 517 – 353 – 9710.
  9. ANIMAL COMMUNICATION:  Have you ever had an animal that you wished you knew what it was thinking?  We ran across a few of these when training and some of our own.  Judy Ramsey in Chelsea Michigan is an animal communicator.  She can help you identify problems and pain and solve many issues you have with your animals.  Visit her website or give her a call at 734 717-5072.  She also does body work on people at Head to Toe Therapy, 220 Collingwood Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, (734) 665-3202.
  10. BOWEN THERAPY: There are many reasons your horse can be “off”.  Bowen is a form of muscle fascia manipulation that releases the muscles and allow them to move freely.  Sometimes injury or trauma can cause the fascia of the muscles to get “stuck”, just like in humans, and the horse becomes tight and resentful in that area.  We use Dianna Walker McPhail, a well known clinician, author, and Bowen/Bowtech therapist.  See her website at or give her a call at 231 – 492 – 5421.  Dianna practices all over Michigan and Arizona and many places in between!
  11. ADJUSTMENTS:  So you are riding your horse and you notice there is just something “off” about the way it moves.  Maybe he just doesn’t respond to your aids.  Well, we have found that if a horse doesn’t do what you ask, he either doesn’t know what you mean, or he is having some pain issues (again, horses CANNOT learn while in pain).  Many of our training horses have been helped with just a one-time adjustment to keep their training on track.  Improve your horses’ gait and responsiveness by having a thorough checkup.
  12. HORSE TACK:  C2R knows it is a financial investment to own a horse.  However, it has been our experience that purchasing poor quality tack is never a good value for your money. Not only will you cause resistance in your horse for ill-fitting, hard, cracked leather, but you will have to purchased new in a few years because it wears out or breaks.  Start with the very best you can afford and you will have less training issues and the items will last a lifetime if taken care of properly.  It is wise to look into a custom-fit saddle.  I used Bob Buono of Manchester, MI.  Bob came out and made a form for my horses’ back and then a tree was made from that form, and then he customized the saddle to me and my horse.  It was well worth the money and I will have it forever.  Bob’s number is 734 – 546-3647.  Here are some of our other favorite websites:,,,,, 
  13. TRAIL RIDING?  Try the Michigan Trail Riders Association at


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